Dance is an integral part of culture and tradition in many African countries, and Senegal is no exception. The Sabar dance is a vibrant and dynamic dance form that originated in Senegal and is an essential part of their social and cultural life. It is a celebration of life, energy, and rhythm that brings people together, transcending language barriers and cultural differences. In this blog, we will dive into the world of Sabar dance, its costume, music, style, and techniques.
The sabar dance originated in the Wolof tribe in Senegal and has been a part of their culture for centuries. It is performed on various occasions, including weddings, religious festivals, and other social events. Sabar dance is a reflection of the Wolof people’s philosophy of life, which emphasizes harmony, rhythm, and unity. The dance involves a lot of energy, speed, and skill, making it a challenging dance form to master. The Sabar drum, a traditional drum from Senegal, is the backbone of the dance and is used to create the intricate rhythms that make this dance unique.
History of Sabar Dance
The history of Sabar dance can be traced back to the Wolof people’s migration from the ancient Ghana Empire to the present-day Senegal region. The dance was originally performed as a form of worship to the gods, and it was believed that the dance could bring good fortune and blessings to the people.
Over time, Sabar evolved to become a social dance form that was performed on various occasions, including weddings, religious festivals, and other social events. The dance is a celebration of life, energy, and rhythm that brings people together, transcending language barriers and cultural differences.
The costume used in the Sabar dance is an essential part of the performance, and it represents the traditional attire of the Wolof people. Men wear a boubou, which is a long flowing robe that comes in various colours and designs. Women wear a boubou with a matching wrapper or skirt. The fabric used in the costume is often vibrant and colourful, reflecting the energy and vibrancy of the dance.
As mentioned earlier, the Sabar dance is accompanied by the Sabar drum, which is an essential part of the performance. The Sabar drum is a large, cylindrical drum made from carved wood and animal skin. The drum is played using both hands, and the drummer uses a variety of techniques to create the intricate rhythms that make the dance so unique. The Sabar drum is usually accompanied by other percussion instruments such as the djembe, tama, and calabash.
Style and Technique
Sabar dance is a fast-paced and energetic dance form that involves a lot of jumping, twisting, and spinning. The dancers move their bodies in a fluid and graceful manner, with their feet stomping on the ground to create a rhythmic beat that complements the drumming. The dance is often performed in a circle, with the drummer at the center, and the dancers moving around him in a synchronized manner. This dance requires a lot of stamina, strength, and flexibility, making it a challenging dance form to master.
In conclusion, Sabar dance is an essential part of Senegal’s cultural heritage, and it represents the vibrancy and energy of the Wolof people. It is a celebration of life, rhythm, and harmony, and it has a unique style and technique that sets it apart from other African dance forms. It is an excellent way to experience Senegal’s rich culture and traditions and is a must-see for anyone interested in dance and music.
Check out this video of Sabar Dance at Stade Léopold Sédar Senghor – Dakar, Senegal