Performed mainly by “women” is a Eurasian dance form known as Samaia. This “female” dance is said to have originated in Georgia during the 12th-13th century. Apparently, the word “Samaia” when literally translated means “dance of three”. Furthermore, this dance was initially performed in a group of three. However, these days it may even be performed in a group of nine.

A. History/origin of Samaia:

According to the history of Georgia, the dance was created in honour of King Tamar who according to many historical sources was actually the first “woman king” of this Eurasian country. Furthermore, there are only four wall paintings available in the country that comprise of the image of King Tamar.

B. Costumes used in the Samaia:

The costumes worn by the performers (mainly female) include colourful traditional Georgian attire that includes an elaborate headgear.

C. Music involved in the Samaia:

The musical instrument mainly used in this dance style includes the bagpie, a type of flute known locally as “panduri”, changi i.e. a form of harp, and drums.

D. Training availability and technique involved in the Samaia:

In terms of technique, this dance involves three female performers initially revolving together around a circular axis. These performers then branch out and dance separately to the rhythm of the music by slowly moving their feet and hands. As for training centers/schools, there are none available around the world since this “female” dance is mainly performed in Georgia.

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